Blood Of The New Covenant

“For this is my blood of the new testament (new covenant), which is shed for many for the remission of sins” (Matthew 26:28)

“For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins” (Romans 11:27).

Covenant— God, Promises: there is the illustration of a covenant between men. (See 2 Cor. 3:6; and. Romans 9:4.) A covenant (diatheôkeô) is an agreement made between two parties, a special relationship set up and established by two or more persons. The point is that once a covenant has been made and executed, it stands: it cannot be annulled or added to. By law the promises of the covenant are sealed; both parties are bound to keep their word, their promise.

There are two covenants.

Covenant of grace – from above.  Galatians 4:21-31

Covenant of law – from Mt. Sinai.  Galatians 4:21-3

Listen to What the Law Really Says,

Galatians (4:21-31) Introduction: the way to heaven (freedom) is neither by works nor by the law. A person cannot do enough works nor keep enough laws to become perfectly good. And for a person to live in God’s presence he has to be perfect. What then is the way to heaven? If a person cannot be good enough nor do enough works to make it to heaven, how can he get there? By faith in the promise of God. God has promised heaven to those who believe on His Son—to those who genuinely trust (have faith) Jesus Christ to save them.

However, most people in the world do not believe the promise of God. They still think they have to earn and work their way into the favor of God—that they have to build up a long list of good works that will force God to accept them. They think that they have to make themselves righteous by being good and doing religious things in order to enter heaven. Therefore, they place themselves under the rules and regulations of the law and of religion, and they do the best they can to make it to heaven. This is the appeal of this passage; the person who approaches God through the works of religion and law must listen to what the law really says.

Galatians (3:10-12) Law— Faith: Scripture says that “the law puts a man under the curse (death).” Death (thanatos): the basic meaning of death is separation.
Note a critical point: in this verse the word “curse” (kataran) means to be condemned and doomed to punishment by the righteous judgment of God. How do we know this? By Galatians 3:13 where it is said that Christ bore the curse of the law for us (the condemnation, doom, death, and punishment due us for having broken the law). The law carries with it a curse. A person either keeps the law or else he is cursed; that is, he is to stand before the Judge and bear the punishment of a lawbreaker. The curse (penalty or punishment) for violating the law is…

The old covenant was written words and letters, a written document, a set of laws that men had to obey (Exodus 24:1-8). The fact to note is this: the law was external; it sat outside man and insisted that man subject himself to the rule and obey it.

So why the old covenant (the Law)?

“Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster” (Galatians 3:24-25).

The old covenant is the law and the law is works (self effort).

The word “works” (sunergei) means to create and eliminate, place and replace,
connect and group, interrelate and intermingle, shape and forge, press and stretch, move
and operate, control and guide, arrange and influence.

THE NEW COVENANT

The new covenant is different, entirely different. It is internal, within man. It is a personal relationship with God, a relationship that is created by God Himself. When a person believes in God’s Son, God places His Spirit in the heart of the person, and the person becomes a Spirit filled person.

“A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them” (Ezekiel 36:26-27; also read Hebrews 8:8-13).

1. In Christ there is liberty and freedom: “Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty [freedom].”

a. Christ frees the believer from the dominion of sin.

“For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace” (Romans 6:14).

b. Christ frees the believer from the law.

“Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God” (Romans 7:4).

“But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter” (Romans 7:6).

“But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law” (Galatians 5:18).

c. Christ frees the believer from the bondage of fear.

“For ye have not received the spirit of bondage agan to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father” (Romans 8:15).

d. Christ frees the believer from the power of Satan, which is the fear of death.

“Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage” (Hebrews 2:14-15).

e. Christ frees the believer from the bondage of corruption.

“Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God….and not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body” (Romans 8:21, 23).

So then how can we know we are not saved by our own merit?

Because in Ephesians 2:8 it says For it is by grace are ye saved through faith; and not of your self: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.

How do we know that we are justified by faith alone?

Because God gave His covenant and inheritance by promise, not by law. Galatians 3:18

William Barclay sums up this passage in a most descriptive way.

“Again and again Paul comes back to the same point. The whole problem of human life is to get into a right relationship with God. So long as we are afraid of God, so long as God is a grim stranger, there can be no peace in life. How can we achieve this right relationship? Shall we try to achieve it by a meticulous and even self-torturing obedience to the law, by performing endless deeds, by observing every smallest regulation the law lays down? If we take that way we are forever in default, for man’s imperfection can never fully satisfy the perfection of God; we are forever frustrated, forever climbing up a hill in which the peak never comes in sight, forever under condemnation; but if we simply abandon this hopeless struggle and bring ourselves and our sin to God, then the grace of God opens its arms to us and we are at peace with a God who is no longer judge but father. Paul’s whole argument is that that is what happened to Abraham; it was on that basis that God’s covenant with Abraham was made. And nothing that came in later can change that covenant any more than anything can alter a will that has already been ratified and signed.” (The Letters to the Galatians and Ephesians. “The Daily Study Bible.” Philadelphia, PA: The Westminister Press, 1954, p.30.)

The inheritance given to Abraham is that of righteousness, of being accepted by God and given the privilege of living forever with Him in the new heavens and earth. The inheritance was not given to Abraham by law, that is, Abraham could not earn, win, or merit it; but as Scripture declares: “God gave it [the inheritance] to Abraham by promise.”

Think On This. The same promise is given to believers, that is, to all those who walk in the faith of Abraham: the promise of being counted righteous and acceptable to God, and of being given the privilege of living forever in the new heavens and earth.

If so how do we live in the New Covenant?

By faith in the son of God (Jesus Christ), who loves you and gave himself for you.

1. The believer lives for God by dying to the law. The law shows a man that he is a sinner and that he comes ever so short of perfection and righteousness. The law shows man that he is to be punished and separated from the society of God forever. The law shows man that he stands no chance of ever being accepted by Godnot if he has to approach God by keeping the law. He just cannot keep the lawnot continually, not consistentlyfor he is always coming short of the law and of God’s glory. The law slays man; it kills him and condemns him to death. The only hope man ever has of being acceptable to God is to die to the lawsomehow, some way to be delivered out from under the lawto be removed so far away from the law that it has no bearing upon him. How can man do this? By turning away from the law and finding Someone who can stir God to count him righteous and to accept him. The first thing that a man must do in order to live for God is to die to the law and to self-righteous works.

2. The believer lives for God by being crucified with Christ (Galatians 2:19-21). How in the world can a man be crucified with Christ when Christ died so many centuries ago? Scripture tells us how. When a man believes that Jesus Christ died for himthat Jesus Christ bore the punishment of sin for himGod takes that man’s faith and…

  • counts his faith as his having died in Christ.
  • counts his faith as his identification with Christ in death.
  • counts his faith as his having already been punished for sin in the death of Christ.

As Scripture says, that man has been “crucified with Christ.” God counts or credits the believer as being Righteous.

“Where

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